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The Local Area

The Sybaris Plain, which takes its name from the Magna-Grecian city of the same name, is the largest plain in Calabria.

Located on the northern Ionian coast of the region, it borders the Pollino and Sila massifs. It cuts centrally through the paths of the Crati and Coscile rivers, which flow into the Ionian Sea here. The plain is marshland; it was reclaimed and made workable in the Sixties, which led to significant immigration from the surrounding mountains, creating contained agricultural activity (citrus fruit, olive trees, paddy fields) which remains the zone’s main economic resource, as well as tourism. The largest cities on the Plain are Rossano (home to a prestigious, old liquorice factory; liquorice is extracted and processed all over the Plain. The town is also home to the second largest water park in Italy) and Corigliano (home to an important port).
The Plain is also home to an important Archaeological Museum, the National Archaeological Museum of Sybaris, which is located between the archaeological site of ancient Sybaris and the current city of Sybaris (fraction of Cassano allo Ionio, CS).
The Museum’s main building was erected in the Nineties to designs by architect Riccardo Wallach. One of the excavation areas was opened to the public along the SS106, approximately 2 km south of the main building.

The museum is home to remains that date back to the protohistoric era of Magna Graecia up until the Roman civilisation from the cities of Sybaris,ThuriiandCopia, and various outposts in the area including Brutium and Enotria, discovered mainly during excavations at Parco del Cavallo, Casa Bianca, Castiglione di Paludi and Timpone Motta.
The most interesting articles are architectural fragments, grave goods dating back to the Iron Age and religious ornaments from the sanctuary of Athens in the VI-IV century B.C.
Of particular importance is a bronze plaque dedicated to Kleombrotos, son of Dexilaos, a citizen of Sybaris who won a competition in Olympia, dating back to the early VI century B.C.
A new room was opened some years ago, with many pieces returned from various foreign museums, including the American Getty Museum, having been illegally purchased on the black market.
The excavation site open to the public extends over a vast area of approximately 500 m down one side, and covers a considerable number of the main roads of Copia, as well as the remains of various villas, with lots of mosaic floors and, in one case, a small swimming pool. The site also covers some areas that are not open to the public, where the objects discovered in situ are cleaned


Places to visit

Alto Ionio Cosentino
Places: Alessandra del Carretto - Rocca Imperiale - Oriolo - Roseto Capo Spulico - Amendolara - Trebisacce - Villapiana.

The Sybaris Plain
Places: Cassano allo Jonio - Sybaris - Corigliano Calabro - Rossano - Marshes.

The Pollino massif and the National Park
Places: Mormanno - Morano Calabro - Civita - Castrovillari - Cerchiara di Calabria – Pollino National Park.

Around Sybaris
Places: Terranova da Sibari - Spezzano Albanese - San Lorenzo del Vallo - San Marco Argentano - Altomonte - Firmo - Lungro.

The Sila massif and the Calabria National Park
Places: Piana Caruso - The Sila massif and the Calabria National Park.

The Albanese Villages
Places: San Giorgio Albanese - Vaccarizzo Albanese - San Cosmo Albanese - San Demetrio Corone - Santa Sofia D'Epiro.


The Giorgio Amarelli Liquorice Museum

The Amarelli family were extremely keen that this museum should be established in order to introduce the public to this unique entrepreneurial experience, as well as the history of a unique product closely linked to this area. A tale of work, culture, business and traditions that have their roots in the land of Calabria, in the Amarelli quarter of Rossano. A tale to be touched, read, listened to and lived at the ‘Giorgio Amarelli’ Liquorice Museum.

www.museodellaliquirizia.it


Sybaris

Closed in between the Ionian Sea and the Sila and Pollino massifs in the region of Calabria is the Sybaris plain, the largest of the Calabrian plains.

The name of the Sybaris Plain derives from the Greek city Sybaris, one of the first Greek colonies in Italy, founded by Achaean and Troezenian colonists in the VII century B.C. It soon earned a name as a trading destination, as the go-between between Greek and Etruscan commerce. The good life enjoyed there was well-known among the Greeks.
The refined excess and luxurious habits of its inhabitants became legendary (from here the word sybarite), until it was destroyed by rival Crotone in 510 B.C.
The populations that lived there were first the Enori and then the Bruzi, mainly dedicated to agricultural activity (famous for the cultivation of vines), sheep farming, but also some craftsmanship and commerce.
This corner of Calabria, dominated for many centuries by the large estate, entered a period of intense socio-economic rebirth in the post-war period (1945-1950), making it one of the most prosperous areas not only in Calabria but the whole of southern Italy.
A large part of these effects, speaking both socially and economically, can be attributed to the recovery of the territory with the Sila Works, which began in the Fifties, the partial agrarian reform and the establishment of small to medium farming properties.
The most considerable work was the appropriation of the waters of the Crati river through construction of a small dam.
An example of one of very few water retaining works in southern Italy, the Sybaris Plain is covered by a network of channels formed both by canals on the surface and underground tubes. A large stretch of green greets travellers descending the Pollino massif from the Autostrada del Sole motorway with the Ionian Sea on the horizon.
Carefully worked and cultivated lands. And, having left the motorway, take the roads that cut through the fields to experience part of our wealth, the scent of citrus fruits. The cultivation and sale of citrus fruits produces wealth in this area. The plains come alive before dawn, work is done before the heat becomes unbearable and drives us to the sea. The inhabitants of the Sybaris Plain no longer emigrate, in fact they welcome workers from the nearby mountains; some find work cultivating the fields, some during harvest time and some in packaging and processing the citrus fruits.
Sybaris is therefore a land of reform, where early on cereal and zoo technical cultivation took hold, followed by the development of citrus grove equipment thanks to the farmers and then the creation of drainage canals.


Casacchella Agritourism

The Casacchella Agritourism enjoys a beautiful position on the first hills of the Sybaris plain, overlooking a panorama that is more unique than it is rare, with a view over the Ionian sea and the immense stretches of lands covered by centuries-old olive trees. Absolute tranquillity reigns and the atmosphere is welcoming thanks to careful management by married couple Natale Falsetta and Caterina Tocci, passionate about organic farming and experts in typical Calabrian cooking. Guests here can choose to relax in the peace and quiet of the countryside or to make use of the fully equipped beach or large swimming pool at the Salice Club Resort which is affiliated with the Agritourism just 7 km away. We offer therefore the possibility of enjoying a fish lunch at the seaside or going back to the Agritourism to try Calabrian cuisine with organic produce. And so our guests have a wide variety of entertainment, even evenings can be alternated between a peaceful night at the Agritourism or spending a joyful evening at Salice to the notes of cabaret, disco and the piano bar.

www.casacchella.it
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