The Codex Purpureus Rossanensis is one of the oldest manuscript existing in the world, made extremely precious and unique thanks to its beautiful miniatures, masterpiece of Byzantine art. It illustrates the remains of an independent cycle of miniatures related to the life of Christ, the oldest remaining in a Greek manuscript. it is one of the masterpieces of evangelical literature. It consists of 188 sheets of parchment, containing the entire Gospel of Matthew and almost all of Mark’s. In October 2015 it was recognized as a World Heritage and included by UNESCO among the 47 new documents of the World Registry.